October 31 isn’t just about witches and ghouls–it’s also about one of the most important historical events of the last 1000 years. On this day in 1517, Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenburg church, and while the roots of his action go back years, today is usually designated as the start of the Protestant Reformation. It proved to be a revolution,not just in theology, but in the way that the world is viewed by millions of Christians. Nothing much changed on that particular day; Luther himself wasn’t looking to separate from the Catholic Church so much as to debate much needed reforms in practice and theology that he believed were necessary to purify the faith. But in the decades to come, Luther was joined in his call for reform by some of the giants of the Church, including Melancthon, Calvin, Bucer, Zwingli and others. The results continue to reverberate throughout Western culture and indeed the world.
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